Biodegradability - iNature
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WHAT DOES BIODEGRADABLE MEAN?
BIODEGRADABLE is the capacity of organic substances and synthetic compound material to be decomposed by nature, that is, by saprophytic bacteria. This capacity permits the planet to maintain its ecological balance.
In order to be considered biodegradable a material must be susceptible to natural bacteria able to decompose it. All natural organic materials, such as paper, are easily decomposable while all modern synthetic materials (except for few special BIO-PLASTICS) cannot be decomposed by nature because no bacteria is able to elaborate an enzyme which breaks down or simplifies the material. (wikipedia.org)
A Bio-plastic or Biopolymer is defined such when it falls into the category of BIODEGRADABLE PLASTIC MATERIAL as per the European norm UNI EN 13432:2022 or PLASTIC MATERIAL DERIVED FROM A NATURAL ORIGIN RENEWABLE SOURCE. (from the European Bioplastic Association website)
The advantages of using Bio-plastics have a double aspect:
· Environmental – because gas emission is reduced which causes the greenhouse effect and consequential global warming.
· Economical – because oil consumption is reduced.
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